'Pogrom - November 1938: Testimonies from 'Kristallnacht''
Current status: available to hire
On 9 and 10 November 1938, simultaneously in hundreds of towns across Germany and Austria, thousands of Jews were terrorised, persecuted and victimised. The November Pogrom, known alternatively as ‘Kristallnacht’, also led to the desecration of over 1,200 synagogues and the looting of thousands of Jewish businesses and homes. As a result approximately 90 people were killed and over 25,000 Jewish men were arrested and deported Dachau, Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen, leading to the deaths of hundreds more in the camps.
This exhibition examines the November Pogrom from the perspective of eyewitnesses who recorded their experiences in 1938 and 1939. Some of the voices are raw and angry, some call for help, others are defiant; they evoke the confusion, fear and chaos of the moment-capturing an important escalation in Nazi anti-Jewish terror that would soon lead toward the Holocaust.
Arranged across four double-sided panels, the exhibition includes an overview of the events leading to the November Pogrom including key facts, an insight into how the testimonies were gathered, as well as remarkable contemporary photographs and selected quotations from contemporary eyewitness reports.
The exhibition provides an accessible introduction to Wiener Library publication Pogrom – November 1938: Testimonies from ‘Kristallnacht’, in which over 350 contemporary eyewitness testimonies from the November Pogrom gathered by Wiener Library founder, Alfred Wiener, were presented for the first time in English.