Genocide and Human Rights
The following links are for resources relating to genocides other than the Holocaust. They are sorted alphabetically by country, with a section for human rights organisations campaigning against genocide at the end.
Armenian Genocide (1915-1923)
The Armenian National Institute (ANI)
The Armenian National Institute is an independent organization based in Washington DC dedicated to the study, research and affirmation of the Armenian Genocide. Its website features educational resources, an insight into international recognition of the genocide and the institute’s collections, as well as an online museum.
The Genocide Education Project
The project aims to assist educators in teaching about the Armenian Genocide by distributing materials and providing access to teaching resources and workshops. Its resource library for teachers features teaching guides, videos, documents, maps and survivor accounts.
Armenian Genocide Museum of America
The online museum features a short film titled “Coming to Terms: The Legacy of the Armenian Genocide” as well as an audio-visual history of Armenia and the Armenian Genocide. Multiple galleries, a map and downloads will be made available soon.
Facing History’s Armenian Genocide resource collection allows students and teachers to examine genocide prevention, the dangers of nationalism, the limits of sovereignty, justice after genocide, and nation building through resources including lessons, units, videos, a timeline, library resources and a map.
The website ‘Genocide 1915’ aims to inform about the Armenian Genocide and demand the affirmation of it as such. The website provides photos, a detailed timeline and external links.
Flight, Exile and Persecution - Divided Memory Spaces (Action Reconciliation Service for Peace (ASF) and Touro College Berlin)
The project explores the traces of Armenian-German-Turkish stories of flight, exile and persecution to give insight into their relationship relating to National Socialism and the Armenian Genocide. Users can use the audio guides to find links between the memories by taking a look at the traces found along the Hardenbergstrasse in Berlin.
Genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995)
Bosnian-American Genocide Institute and Education Center (BAGI)
BAGI is an educational organization dedicated to scientific research about the genocide of Bosniaks as well as other genocides. The website features a list of landmarks, a detailed history of the genocide, testimonies and information about genocide remembrance.
The first memorial gallery in Bosnia and Herzegovina features an exhibition space providing documentary scenes including images, maps, audio and video material of what was left of Srebrenica in the wake of the genocide. Users can learn about the Srebrenica massacre and the gallery’s exhibitions online.
The British charitable initiative organises the UK events for the EU-designated Srebrenica Memorial Day on 11 July and runs the education programme ‘Lessons from Srebrenica’. The website informs about the projects and the memorial day, gives detailed background information about the genocide and features survivor stories and links for further reading.
United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY)
The United Nations court of law, established in 1993, deals with war crimes that took place during the Bosnian war. The website provides detailed information about the Tribunal and its cases, including the main legal documents. Press resources and information about the Outreach Programme are also made available.
Sarajevo Under Siege
The website aims to represent life under siege Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It features a map, visual statistics, picture galleries, a timeline, documentaries and videos.
Srebrenica Genocide Memorial
The memorial-cemetery complex in Srebrenica aims to honour the victims of the genocide. The website provides detailed information about the memorial and features news and multimedia. A list of victims of the genocide is also available.
Cambodian Genocide (1975-1979)
The Digital Archive of Cambodia Holocaust Survivors (DACHS) This digital archive features a historical overview, survivor stories, the Cambodian Genocide Justice Act (CGJA) and historical photographs. DACHS continues to look for stories and photographs from life under the Khmer Rouge and the Vietnamese occupation to grow the archive.
The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum The museum is located in Phnom Penh on the site of what was formerly used as Security Prison 21 (S-21) by the Khmer Rouge regime, one of at least 150 execution centres in the country. The website provides a brief history of S-21 and a collection of 114 photographs of its prisoners.
The Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-CAM)
The independent Cambodian research institute, established in 1995, aims to preserve the history of the Khmer Rouge regime for future generations. The link to the resources provides access to the DC-CAM’s projects, publications, databases, survivor stories, family tracing, tribunal-related materials and the archives.
Enemies of the People
Enemies of the People is a 2009 British/Cambodian documentary film featuring interviews by former Khmer Rouge officials. The website provides background information about the project as well as links to external resources and the projects’ blog.
Cambodia Tribunal Monitor (CTM)
The Cambodia Tribunal Monitor provides access to the tribunal documents and open discussion throughout the judicial process. The website offers a trial observer, commentary and news about the tribunal, the court filing and relevant historical background.
Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) The ECCC is a special Cambodian court, more commonly referred to by the more informal name ‘Khmer Rouge Tribunal’ or ‘Cambodia Tribunal’. The website introduces the reader to the Extraordinary Chambers, providing a timeline, legal documents, an introduction to the cases and a media centre.
Cambodian Genocide Program (CGP) – Genocide Studies Program, Yale University
The award-winning project, established in 1994, provides access to the 100,000-page archive of the Khmer Rouge regime's security police, the Santebal. The project has also published biographic and bibliographic records, photographs, documents, translations, maps, a list of CGP books and research papers on the genocide, as well as the interactive Cambodian Geographic Database (CGEO).
The project, funded by a Fulbright U.S. Student Program grant, aims to examine the memorialization of the Cambodian genocide. The site serves as an archive and provides information about 12 memorials, including maps, photographs, background information about the genocide and links to additional resources.
Genocide against the Tutsi/Rwandan Genocide (1994)
Frontline: Ghosts of Rwanda
“Ghosts of Rwanda" is a two-hour documentary marking the 10th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide. It examines the political failures that led to the genocide with interviews of government officials, diplomats, soldiers and survivors. The website provides an analysis of the genocide, interviews, a timeline, excerpts from the film, external links and a teacher’s guide.
Rwanda: The Wake of a Genocide
The website provides background information about Rwanda and the genocide, survivor and witness reports and links to further reading. The reports include interviews, photographs, videos, timelines and audio reports.
Yale University’s Genocide Studies Rwandan Genocide Project
The project was founded in 2002 and aims to serve as a resource for students and educators studying Rwanda and the 1994 genocide. The project preserves documentation and testimonies related to the genocide and provides maps, satellite images, publications, journals and relevant historical information.
The website provides detailed information about the genocide and its origins, as well as the aftermath and recovery. This includes videos, interviews, testimonies from survivors and perpetrators and downloadable curriculum resources.
USC Shoah Foundation Visual History Archive
In collaboration with Aegis Trust and the Kigali Genocide, USC Shoah Foundation collected 64 audio-visual testimonies of survivors and witnesses of the genocide. The website features the full-length testimonies as well as background information, academic discussions, lectures and online exhibitions.
Survivors’ Fund (SURF)
Survivors’ Fund (SURF), founded in 1995, aims to rebuild the lives of genocide survivors. The website provides information about the fund and how to get involved, as well as resources such as case studies, lesson plans, testimonies and a media library featuring video documentaries, press cuttings and radio broadcasts.
Voices of Rwanda
The project aims to share the stories of survivors and witnesses by making testimonies available for research. The website features the testimonies and background information about the project and the recordings.
Kigali Genocide Memorial
The Kigali Genocide Memorial includes three permanent exhibitions, an education centre, and the Genocide Archive of Rwanda. The website provides information about visiting the memorial as well as special information for teachers and students.
Genocide Archive Rwanda
Physically located at the Kigali Genocide Memorial, the archive provides testimonies and interactive maps alongside a digital collection of items on their website, including documents, photographs, videos and audio recordings about the genocide, pre-genocide history and post-genocide reconstruction processes. The website’s blog informs readers about the process of archiving the collections.
Foundation Rwanda aims to provide education for children conceived from rapes committed during the Rwandan Genocide and to support their mothers psychologically and financially. The website informs visitors about the foundation’s work and provides a brief history of the genocide as well as testimonies from mothers and their children.
Gacaca Community Justice
This website provides information about the project to preserve and create a world-class archive for the 63 million pages of documention produced by Rwanda’s traditional Gacaca courts between 2002 and 2012. There is also a blog containing opinion pieces, suggestions for how to get involved, and details about the project partners.
Genocide in the Darfur Region of Sudan (2004 - Present)
The non-governmental organisation campaigns against genocide and human rights abuses and lists Sudan as its current priority. The website features some of the 500 Darfuri Children’s Drawings that are currently archived at The Wiener Library as well as testimonies, news, reports and ideas for opportunities to take action.
Darfur and Beyond
Darfur and Beyond are members of Act for Sudan, an alliance advocating for an end to the genocide in Sudan. The website informs about events and campaigns and provides an extensive list of books about the genocides in Darfur, Armenia, Bosnia, Cambodia, Rwanda, as well as the Holocaust.
Facing History and Ourselves
The project, founded in the United States in 1976, provides educational material, mainly focused on Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. The Darfur Genocide Resource Collection includes links to the films Darfur Now and The Lost Boys of Sudan, including study guides, links to books about the genocide, a film made by a group of students and related websites.
Sudan Research, Analysis, and Advocacy by Eric Reeves
The website organises the work of Eric Reeves, who has been writing about greater Sudan for the past sixteen years. It includes links to a number of his publications, the texts of his congressional testimony and a complete list of publications, testimony, and academic presentations.
Human Rights Watch: Failing Darfur
The human rights organisation provides extensive information about the Darfur crisis and its background, a timeline, questions and answers, maps, reports, photo essays and videos. Also available is an introduction to the project ‘Smallest Witnesses’ and examples of the collection of children’s drawings depicting the atrocities in Darfur.
Aegis Trust is a British NGO founded in 2000 with the mission to prevent genocide worldwide. On their website, users can find information about the Aegis Trust’s work and how to get involved as well as educational material on genocide, historical atrocities and current crises.
Human Rights Watch (HRW)
Human Rights Watch is an international NGO that was founded in 1978 and since then conducts research and advocacy on human rights. On their website, users can find information about human rights, topics surrounding human rights and crises in different countries as well as reports, videos and photographs.
The Enough Project was founded in 2007 in Washington, D.C. with the mission to conduct research and bring attention to conflict areas with the goal of ending genocide and crimes against humanity. The website features information about the organisation, different conflicts and a list of reports.
Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide (USHMM)
The genocide prevention centre’s website features information about genocide and how to prevent it as well as international law and responses to crises. A list with different cases of human rights atrocities and an overview of their history is available as well.
Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (MIGS)
Canada’s leading research institute for genocide and mass atrocity crimes prevention aims to propose political recommendations to resolve conflicts. Users can read about the institute and its projects as well as their training programmes and conferences. The online resources include Rwandan radio transcripts from the time of the genocide and memories from the famine in Ukraine.
United to End Genocide
The organisation is a merger of the former Genocide Intervention Network and the Save Darfur Coalition with the aim to empower communities in order to prevent genocide. Their online resources include educational material on genocide and cases of mass atrocity crimes as well as information about current crises.
Leeds Gate: Gypsy and Traveller Exchange
Leeds Gate aims to improve the quality of life for Gypsy and Irish Traveller communities. Their website features information about the organisation and its history as well as its current project and programmes.