The Wiener Library

For the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide

The Ludwig Neumann Collection

Ludwig Neumann was a German Jewish businessman who owned an industrial clothing company. As a result of anti-Jewish measures, he was forced to sell his factory in 1938 and was interned in Dachau for several weeks. He was released on the understanding that he would leave the country immediately, and travelled to Great Britain where he was briefly interned as an enemy alien. Following his release however, he served as an anti-aircraft gunner for the British. After the war, Neumann returned to Germany to try and re-establish the family business, but eventually came back to Britain where he held a number of posts as a production manager in the clothing industry.

Ludwig Neumann was also a keen amateur photographer and this collection holds many photographs from his travels in the Mediterranean and around the world in the early twentieth century, as well as in the 1950s and 1960s.

Ludwig Neumann shortly after his release from Dachau concentration camp in October 1938

Ludwig Neumann shortly after his release from Dachau concentration camp in October 1938

Image WL1823

Neumann's factory sign after it had been taken over by the Nazis. Neumann's name, and that of the factory co-owner Mendel are crossed out and the name 'Joseph Herbring' replaces them.

Neumann's factory sign after he was forced to transfer ownership, displaying the name of the new non-Jewish owner, Joseph Herbring, ca. 1938

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Meeting room in Neumann's factory where workers received indoctrination. A large Nazi flag hangs in the background alongside a portrait of Adolf Hitler.

The meeting room in Neumann's factory after its aryanisation where members of the NSBO (a Nazi workers' organisation) shared propaganda and indoctrination

Image WL8043

Ludwig Neumann in internment as an 'Enemy Alien' on the Isle of Man, ca. 1940

Ludwig Neumann in internment as an 'Enemy Alien' on the Isle of Man, ca. 1940

Image WL6252