The Wiener Library

For the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide

Operation Anthropoid: Britain, Heydrich and the Holocaust

Group of Nazi soldiers walking up stairs

26 March 2012 - 15 June 2012

Marking the 70th anniversary of the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, this exhibition examined the 1942 mission condenamed 'Operation Anthropoid', and unravelled its connections with the escalation of genocide in occupied Europe.

No central group in the National Socialist regime pursued the murder of Europe's Jews more actively than the men who served directly under Reinhard Heydrich. Yet it is still not widely known that the military operation to assassinate Heydrich was planned in London with the support of the British government and carried out by two Czechoslovakian soldiers-in-exile.

The death of Heydrich was met with savage reprisals from the Nazi regime, including the annihilation of the village of Lidice under Hitler's orders. The exhibition brought to light the terrifying series of events surrounding the 1942 mission codenamed ‘Operation Anthropoid', and unravelled its connections with the escalation of genocide in occupied Europe.

This exhibition was realised with the help of conceptual designer and co-curator Jan Kaplan.